Climate Change & GHG Emissions

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (www.unfccc.int ) was signed by over 160 countries at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development held in Rio de Janeiro in June 1992 came into force on 21 March 1994. It has set the agenda for action to slow and stabilise climate change.

The signatories to the Convention recognised the reality of global warming and also recognised the uncertainties associated with current predictions of climate change. They agreed that action to mitigate the effects of climate change needed to be taken and pointed out that developed countries should take the lead in this action.

 

The Main Aims

  • Short term - Developed countries should take action to return greenhouse gas emissions, in particular those of carbon dioxide, to their 1990 levels by the year 2000.
  • Long term - The concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere should be stabilised at a level which would prevent dangerous human (anthropogenic) interference with the climate system.
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 Up to the end of 2008, 14 sessions of the Conference of Parties to the Climate Convention have taken place. Those since November 1997 have been largely concerned with the Kyoto Protocol, the first formal binding legislation promulgated under the Convention.

     
         
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